Union Cabinet on Wednesday rolled out New Education Policy 2020 (NEP2020) with various major reforms in Higher Education and School Education. Among the structural changes in school education, New Education Policy introduced mother tongue or local language till Class 5, Sanskrit as 3rd language in all school & higher educational institutions as option.
Before the NEP2020 brought to the table, the name of Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) renamed to Ministry of Education (MoE). The key reforms made at School Education level under new policy are as follows-
NEP 2020 to make Board Exams Easier:
Under the New Education Policy (NEP2020), Board exams are set to get easier, Union Cabinet said on Wednesday. In reducing the burden of board exams, new policy asks to lowering the stakes of tests. However, the board exams for Classes 10 and 12 will be continued. Board exams will be made ‘easier’, as they will test primarily core capacities, competencies rather than months of coaching or memorization, Cabinet decided.
Boards may over time also develop further viable models of Board Exams, such as – annual /semester/ modular Board Exams or offering all subjects beginning with mathematics, at two levels; two parts exams or objective type and descriptive type.
Mother tongue / Local Language:
Newly introduced Education Policy also emphasises on mother tongue or local/regional language as medium of instruction to all Primary school students for at least till Grade V, but preferably till Grade 8 & beyond, drafted in NEP2020.
Should Read- New Education Policy 2020 introduced, Major changes
Sanskrit at school level, Option for Higher Education: Sanskrit Language to be offered at all school levels & higher education as option, including in three language formula, said Cabinet on new education policy.
Multi-dimensional Report Card
The Report card of all students for school-based assessment will be redesigned. Presently only very limited report is provided in the evaluation reports. The progress card should be a holistic, 360-degree, multi-dimensional which reflects in great detail the progress and the uniqueness of each learner in the cognitive, affective, and psychomotor domains. The progress card will include self-assessment, peer assessment and teacher assessment, said School Education Secretary Anita Karwal.