Guru Nanak Jayanti 2022: Facts, History, Significance, & More About Gurpurab 2022

On April 15, 1469, the founder of Sikhism & first guru of Sikhs, Shri Guru Nanak Dev Ji was born in Talwandi Nankana Sahib. Guru Nanak Jayanti 2022 facts, history, significance, & more about Gurpurab 2022 that you should know.

By Harkirpal Singh, Updated : Nov 07, 2022 15:57 IST
Guru Nanak Jayanti 2022: Facts, History, Significance, & More About Gurpurab 2022
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Guru Nanak Jayanti will be observed this year on November 8th, 2022. The 553rd anniversary of Guru Nanak's birth will be celebrated this year. According to religious sources, Guru Nanak is regarded as the first Guru of Sikhism. On April 15, 1469, Guru Nanak Dev was born in Talwandi Nankana Sahib.

On this day, approximately 551 years ago, the first Sikh guru was born in Rai Bhoi di Talwandi, a village close to Lahore that is now a part of Pakistan. The locals refer to this location as Nankana Sahib.

The holy text known as the Guru Granth Sahib contains the teachings of Guru Nanak Dev, who is renowned for preaching peace and harmony. Guru Nanak Jayanti 2022 facts, history, significance, & more details about Gurpurab 2022 are here. 

Guru Nanak Jayanti 2022 History

According to the Vikram Samvat calendar, Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikhism, was born in Rai-Bhoi-di Talwandi, in what is now Nankana Sahib, Pakistan, on Puranmashi of Kattak in 1469. In India, it is a gazetted holiday.

Guru Nanak is said to have been born on the Full Moon (Pooranmashi) of the Indian lunar month Kartik, according to the contentious Bhai Bala Janamsakhi. This is why the Sikhs celebrated Guru Nanak's Gurpurab in November, and it has become ingrained in Sikh tradition.

According to the original Nanakshahi Calendar adopted by Sri Akal Takht in 2003, Vaisakhi, which falls on 14 April, is when some academics and organizations believe the Birthday should be commemorated.

Many individuals and groups prefer to observe the customary date, which is the Full Moon Day (Pooranmashi or Purnima) of the lunar month Kartik. Due to requests from various Sikh Saints, the traditional Nanakshahi Calendar upholds the custom and observes it on Kartik Purnima.

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Guru Nanak Jayanti 2022 Significance

According to Guru Nanak Dev, anyone can have a spiritual connection to God if they worship with integrity. The Guru Granth Sahib includes his teachings. Guru Nanak Sahib is revered in the world as he spoke against social evils like Sati Pratha, the caste system, religious extremism, false beliefs & more. 

Facts About Guru Nanak Jayanti 2022

These are some of the well-known facts about Guru Nanak Dev Ji:

  • He promoted the idea of humanity as one.
  • He was among the historical figures who traveled the most.
  • When Guru Nanak lived in India, women had very few rights. Women were generally forbidden from getting remarried, and widows were frequently burned alive as their husbands were cremated. Guru Nanak Dev Ji advocated against this prejudice and worked to increase women's respect.
  • Due to his veneration across many cultures, Guru Nanak Dev Ji has been given many names. He is frequently referred to in Afghanistan as Nanak Peer.
    The names Nanak Rishi in Nepal, Baba Nanak in Iraq, Nanaka-Chraya in Sri Lanka, and Nanak Lama in Tibet are also used to refer to him. 
  • Over 500 years ago, Guru Nanak Dev Ji, then still a young boy, invented the Sikh concept of langar.
    Langar, which translates to "communal kitchen," refers to the open kitchen found in every Gurdwara (Sikh temple) in the world that serves free meals to everyone, regardless of gender, age, or status.


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