By Neha Sinha, Updated : Aug 29, 2020 10:36 IST
Muharram 2020: Know the significance of 1st day Al Hijri, Islamic New Year

Muharram 2020 Date: This year, Al Hijri 1442 will be observed on August 20 or August 21 depending on the sighting of the Moon. As per the report, This year the month of Muharram starts on 20 August or 21 August. This month is considered very holy after Ramadan. It will end on September 18. Muharram is celebrated on the 10th of this month. The festival of Muharram is celebrated in the sorrow of the martyrdom of Hazrat Imam Hussein, the prophet of Islam, the prophet Hazrat Mohammad Sahab.

As soon as the moon of Muharram is seen, the Ajadars become confused in their Imam's sorrow. This day commemorates the martyrdom of Hazrat Imam Hussain and his 72 Janissars in the Maidan of Karbala.

Every year Tajiya are prepared for Muharram, these are important part of the procession of Ashura to be taken out on the ninth and 10th day of Muharram. The martyrdom of Hazrat Imam Hussain and his companions is remembered at Karbala in Muharram. These tazias are the replicas of the mausoleums of Hazrat Imam Hussain and Hazrat Imam Hassan of the Prophet Mohammad and form an integral part of the procession of Ashura.

Islamic New Year Day Al Hijri 2020 date

The Islamic New Year starts on Friday August 21 and will be Yom-e-Ashura on August 30. 1442 Hijri will begin the new year of the Islamic calendar. Hijri Sun is being celebrated as the beginning of the Islamic year, that is, the Islamic New Year, since the time of the last Prophet of the Islamic religion, Hazrat Mohammed, to go to Mecca from Mecca. This year, give special greetings to your near and dear ones, relatives and friends in Islamic New Year.


It was in the month of Muharram that Allah saved the Children of Israel from Pharaoh. As a token of gratitude to Allah, Prophet Musa fasted on this day which is the 10th of Muharram. In 622 CE, when Prophet Muhammad migrated from Mecca to Medina in the month of Muharram, he learned of Jews fasting on this day following the ways of Prophet Musa. Wanting his followers to show the same gratitude to Allah, Prophet Muhammad decided to observe a two-day fast, one on the day of Ashura and the day before which is the 9th and 10th of Muharram. These are the traditional customs of Sunni Muslims.

The Shiite community remembers the massacre on the 10th day, Ashura, when Imam Hussain was said to have been beheaded at the Battle of Karbala. To commemorate the public mourning and remember the pain suffered by their great leader and his family, members of the Shiite community dress in black, observe abstinence, fast and hold processions on this day.

The Islamic calendar has twelve months, and they are al-Muḥarram, Safar, Rabi' al-Thani, Jumādā al-ʾAwwal, Jumādā ath-Thāniyah, Rajab, Shaʿbān, Ramadan, Shawwal, Zū al-Qaʿdah and Zū al-Ḥijjah.

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