Pongal 2022: Date, History, Significance, Rituals & More Important Details

Pongal 2022: As the festive season begins, everyone around the country is getting ready to celebrate Pongal. Pongal 2022 date, history, significance, celebrations & other details have been listed below

By Harkirpal Singh, Updated : Jan 13, 2022 15:32 IST
Pongal 2022: Date, History, Significance, Rituals & More Important Details
image Source- Wikimedia

Pongal 2022 Date: Pongal, a four-day harvest festival celebrated in South India, particularly in Tamil Nadu, will take place from January 14 to 17 this year. Every year in mid-January, it symbolizes the start of Uttarayan, the sun's voyage northward, and the conclusion of the winter season. Pongal falls at the same time as Makar Sankranti, Lohri, and Magh Bihu, which are all harvest festivals in India.

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Pongal 2022- Significance & Celebration: Bhogi Pongal, the first day of the festival, begins with the arrival of fresh rice, sugarcane, and turmeric harvests from the fields. As part of the Bhogi Mantalu rite, which also denotes fresh beginnings, old and worthless household items are dumped and burned alongside cow dung.

image source- Thamizhpparithi Maari
image source- Thamizhpparithi Maari

The Sun God is honored on the second day of the festival, also known as Surya Pongal or Thai Pongal, which falls on the first day of the Tamil month Thai. Women get up early on this day to clean their homes and decorate them with beautiful kolam designs.

On this day, freshly harvested rice, milk, and jaggery are cooked in pots until they overflow and spill. The event is named after the word Pongal, which means "to boil" or "to overflow." This dessert is offered to the Sun God before being served to the family on banana leaves.

image source- Thiagupillai
image source- Thiagupillai

Mattu Pongal is the third day of Pongal when Lord Ganesha and Parvati are worshipped and Pongal is served. The term 'Mattu' means bull, and bulls are bathed, their horns painted, and their heads decorated with shiny metal caps on this day. Flower garlands and bells are also used to embellish them.

image Source- Arivumathi
image Source- Arivumathi

Kaanum Pongal, the fourth and last day of Pongal, is also regarded as an auspicious day for beginning new alliances and partnerships.

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Pongal 2022- History: Pongal celebrations are said to date back to the Sangam period (200BC-200AD) and have been mentioned in Puranas. According to one of the Pongal tales, Lord Shiva had a bull named Basava that he brought to Earth to deliver the word that mankind should have an oil massage and wash every day and eat once a month.

Image Source- Holidify
Image Source- Holidify

Instead, Basava advised mankind to eat every day and take an oil bath once a month. Basava was brought to Earth by Lord Shiva to assist humanity by ploughing their fields and meeting their daily food requirements. Cattle became connected with Pongal as a result of this.

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