Janmashtami, also known as Krishna Janmashtami, Gokulashtami, Krishnasthami, or Srijayanti, is a Hindu festival that commemorates the birth of Krishna, the eighth manifestation of Vishnu. The two cities where Krishna is thought to have been born and raised, Mathura and Vrindavan, respectively, host the biggest celebrations of this festival. Janmashtami 2022 date, day, time, significance, history, celebration & everything else you need to know has been given here.
Hindu scriptures state that Krishna, the human form of Vishnu, was created on this day in order to vanquish Kansa, the evil brother of Devaki, Krishna's upright mother, who ruled Mathura. Krishna, the son of Devaki and Vasudeva, was born at Mathura on Ashtami, the eighth day of the dark fortnight of the Bhadrapada month (August-September).
When Krishna was born, his uncle, King Kansa, controlled Mathura. Kansa sought to kill the children of his sister because a prophecy predicted that the couple's eighth son would bring about Kansa's demise. Following the prophecy, Kansa locked Devaki and Vasudeva up and executed their first six kids.
But when their seventh child, Balram, was born, the fetus magically moved from Devaki's womb to Princess Rohini's. When they had their eighth child, Krishna, the entire palace fell asleep, so Vasudeva saved the child and took him to Nand Baba and Yashodha's home in Vrindavan.
Following the exchange, Kansa was given a baby girl by Vasudeva, who brought her back to the palace. Krishna was born in Vrindavan and raised there before killing his uncle Kansa. When the cruel monarch attempted to kill the newborn, the mother changed into Durga and warned him of his impending destiny.
In India, Krishna Janmashtami is celebrated on the eighth day of the dark fortnight in the month of Bhadrapada (July-August). This year, it's unclear if Friday, August 19, 2022, or Thursday, August 18, 2022, will be honored as Krishna Janmashtami.
The Nishith Puja time starts at 12:02 am on August 18 and finishes at 12:48 pm on the same day, but Ashtami Tithi time starts at 9:21 pm on August 18 and concludes at 10:59 pm on August 19, 2022, therefore it will be observed on both days.
On this auspicious day, devotees fast and offer prayers to Krishna. They decorate their homes with flowers, Diyas, and lights, and they also light up and decorate the temples.
The most lavish and vibrant celebrations take place at the temples in Mathura and Vrindavan because it is thought that Krishna was born and spent his formative years there. Since Krishna was born at midnight, an idol of a baby Krishna is bathed and placed in a cradle at that time. Devotees perform Raslila to reenact moments from Krishna's life and to remember his love for Radha.
In Maharashtra, this holiday is also joyfully celebrated as people recreate Krishna's early attempts to steal butter and curd from earthen pots. The Dahi Handi ceremony is where a Matka or pot is raised several feet in the air, and participants build a human pyramid to reach it and eventually destroy it.