Pakistan marked on Saturday, the second anniversary of its air force's operation 'Swift Retort', the retaliatory action against India's strike on Balakot on February 26, 2019.
In Operation Swift Retort, a group of Pakistan Air Force fighters launched bombs on an Indian Army base in Jammu and Kashmir, while an Indian Air Force MiG-21 was shot down in an aerial skirmish. India claims a Pakistani F-16 was downed by the MiG-21 before it was shot down.
Immediately after the incident, Pakistan denied the use of the F-16 in the operation; fearing backlash from the US as Pakistan is only allowed to use F-16s for counter-terror ops.
The Pakistan Air Force and government have repeatedly claimed Operation Swift Retort was meant to be a measured response to the attack on Balakot and hence it caused negligible damage.
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On Saturday, Sameer Joshi, a retired Indian Air Force Mirage 2000 pilot and veteran of the Kargil conflict, analyzed Operation Swift Retort in a series of tweets. Joshi has earned a reputation as an expert on satellite imagery analysis.
He has discussed the Balakot attack and Operation Swift Retort frequently, including analysis of evidence to prove a Pakistani F-16 was indeed shot down on February 27, 2019.
On Saturday, Joshi tweeted that on February 27, 2019, two Su-30MKI fighters of the Indian Air Force faced off against eight F-16 fighters of the Pakistan Air Force as they approached Jammu and Kashmir.
Until the induction of the Rafale last year, the Russian-origin Sukhoi-30MKI was the most advanced fighter in the Indian Air Force. Pakistan claims it shot down a Su-30MKI during the skirmish, but has presented no authentic evidence on the claim.
"Evidence shows that PAF launched 4+ AMRAAMs against the Sukhois during this engagement. What is less known is how the MKIs counterattacked," Joshi tweeted.
Joshi said one group of four F-16s fired a total of three Advanced Medium-Range Air-to-Air Missiles (AMRAAMs) against the Su-30MKI fighters and all missed. After the attack, the Indian Air Force presented wreckage of the AMRAAM to show Islamabad had indeed deployed the F-16 as the US-made jet is the only aircraft in Pakistan's arsenal equipped to fire the weapon.
Eqpd with the RDY3 and the Mica combination, the IAF Mirages were the most dangerous adversaries for the PAF that day, with the PAF F-16s over Nowshera vary of engaging the Mirages instead of the Sukhois. This job was given to PAF Thunders who were meant to take on the M2Ks 2/n pic.twitter.com/AIugQDb8P7— Sameer Joshi (@joe_sameer) February 28, 2021
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In response to this, Kaiser Tufail, a retired Pakistan Air Force officer and aviation historian, wrote about the Pakistan Air Force's attack formation during Swift Retort. Tufail claimed Pakistan used 3rd gen French-built Mirage-V jets (different from the Indian Air Force's 4th Gen Mirage 2000s) and the Sino-Pakistani JF-17s.
Tufail wrote the Mirage-Vs were equipped with the 'H-4' glide-bomb, a weapon purportedly developed with South African assistance. The JF-17s carried bombs equipped with a range-extension kit.
"Two vintage—but still quite capable—Mirage 5PA, each armed with one H-4 stand-off bomb, along with two JF-17, each armed with two Mk-83 Range Extension Kit (REK) bombs, headed towards their respective targets in southern-western –Indian-Held Kashmir (IHK)...," Tufail wrote in his blog on Friday.