29 Jul 2020, 05:35 pm By Rohit Sindhu
New Education Policy 2020: MHRD renamed, Major reforms in Higher & School Education

The Union Cabinet on Wednesday approved the new education policy (New Education Policy 2020). The Cabinet decided to rename Ministry of Human Resource and Development (MHRD) as Ministry of Education. The announcement in the regarding the New Education Policy are made today. On Wednesday cabinet approved the National Education Policy 2020. Among the major reforms in higher education include a target of 50% gross enrollment ratio by 2035, Secy said.

  • MHRD has been renamed as Ministry of Education (MoE) and the detailed draft to be presented today, tweeted news agency ANI.

Earlier the proposal of New Education Policy was made initially in the union budget 2020-21. Later the concerned authorites were assigned the task to form new policy with structural amendments and changes. According to sources the focus would be on implementing Technical and Digital infrastructure in Academic institutions. Online Education and Artificial Intelligence would also be on top agenda. Burden from the school students' back is also expected to overcome. The detailed guidelines and final draft intimated through cabinet meeting held on July 29, 2020.

Major reforms in Education Policy:

1) Cabinet approved National Education Policy 2020; Major reforms in higher education include a target of 50% gross enrollment ratio by 2035 and provision for multiple entry/exit. Following the new education policy and reforms, we will achieve 50% Gross Enrollment Ratio (GER) by 2035, said Amit Khare Higher Education Secretary.

new education policy major reforms

2) Other New Education Policy 2020 features include graded academic, administrative and financial autonomy of institutions and a single regulator for all higher education, working under a self-disclosure based transparent system for approvals in place of numerous 'inspections'.

3) Cabinet National Education Policy 2020; Approved. Major reforms in higher education include a target of 50% gross enrollment ratio by 2035 and provision for multiple admissions / exits.

4) Certificate in first year after multiple years, certificate after first year, diploma after second year and degree after 3-4 years, said Amit Khare, Secretary Higher Education Department.

5) Other features include graded academic, administrative and financial autonomy of institutions and a single regulator for all higher education, working under a self-disclosure based transparent system for approvals in place of numerous 'inspections.

6) E-courses will be developed in regional languages; virtual labs will be developed and a National Educational Technology Forum (NETF) is being created.

7) There are over 45,000 affiliated colleges in our country. Under Graded Autonomy, Academic, Administrative & Financial Autonomy will be given to colleges, on the basis of the status of their accreditation.

8) As on date, we have different norms for deemed universities, central universities, for different individual standalone institutions. New Education Policy says that for reasons of quality, norms will be same for all & not as per ownership.

9) Board exams will be low stakes & test actual knowledge instead of rote learning; Mother tongue to be a medium of instruction till 5th grade; report cards will be a comprehensive report on skills and capabilities instead of just marks and statements.

new education policy school education reforms

10) National mission to focus on basic literacy and basic numeracy; major changes in the pedagogical structure of curriculum with no rigid separation between streams; all separations between vocational and academic and curricular and extra-curricular will also be removed.

New Education Policy Press Conference Outcomes

Cabinet under Prime Minister Narendra Modi has given approval to a new education policy for the 21st century. It is important, as for 34 years there were no changes in the education policy, said Union Minister Prakash Javadekar. Among the key takeaways additional to above listed points are as follows-

  • Board exams to be based on knowledge application, as per New Education Policy approved by Union Cabinet on Wednesday
  • Common norms to be in place for private and public higher education institutions under Central govt's new Education Policy
  • All higher education institutions, except legal and medical colleges, to be governed by single regulator
  • MPhil courses to be discontinued under new National Education Policy approved by Union Cabinet

Live coverage on cabinet meeting on New Education Policy (NEP20):

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